User:Rowechen

Revision as of 14:02, 31 May 2020 by Rowechen (talk | contribs)

Here's the AIME compilation I will be doing:

Problem 3

A triangle has vertices $A(0,0)$, $B(12,0)$, and $C(8,10)$. The probability that a randomly chosen point inside the triangle is closer to vertex $B$ than to either vertex $A$ or vertex $C$ can be written as $\frac{p}{q}$, where $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $p+q$.

Solution

Problem 4

Three planets orbit a star circularly in the same plane. Each moves in the same direction and moves at constant speed. Their periods are $60$, $84$, and $140$ years. The three planets and the star are currently collinear. What is the fewest number of years from now that they will all be collinear again?

Solution

Problem 5

5. If

\[\frac{1}{0!10!}+\frac{1}{1!9!}+\frac{1}{2!8!}+\frac{1}{3!7!}+\frac{1}{4!6!}+\frac{1}{5!5!}\]

is written as a common fraction reduced to lowest terms, the result is $\frac{m}{n}$. Compute the sum of the prime divisors of $m$ plus the sum of the prime divisors of $n$.

Problem 9

Let $a_{10} = 10$, and for each integer $n >10$ let $a_n = 100a_{n - 1} + n$. Find the least $n > 10$ such that $a_n$ is a multiple of $99$.

Solution

Problem 8

Two real numbers $a$ and $b$ are chosen independently and uniformly at random from the interval $(0, 75)$. Let $O$ and $P$ be two points on the plane with $OP = 200$. Let $Q$ and $R$ be on the same side of line $OP$ such that the degree measures of $\angle POQ$ and $\angle POR$ are $a$ and $b$ respectively, and $\angle OQP$ and $\angle ORP$ are both right angles. The probability that $QR \leq 100$ is equal to $\frac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m + n$.

Solution

Problem 7

Triangle $ABC$ has side lengths $AB = 9$, $BC =$ $5\sqrt{3}$, and $AC = 12$. Points $A = P_{0}, P_{1}, P_{2}, ... , P_{2450} = B$ are on segment $\overline{AB}$ with $P_{k}$ between $P_{k-1}$ and $P_{k+1}$ for $k = 1, 2, ..., 2449$, and points $A = Q_{0}, Q_{1}, Q_{2}, ... , Q_{2450} = C$ are on segment $\overline{AC}$ with $Q_{k}$ between $Q_{k-1}$ and $Q_{k+1}$ for $k = 1, 2, ..., 2449$. Furthermore, each segment $\overline{P_{k}Q_{k}}$, $k = 1, 2, ..., 2449$, is parallel to $\overline{BC}$. The segments cut the triangle into $2450$ regions, consisting of $2449$ trapezoids and $1$ triangle. Each of the $2450$ regions has the same area. Find the number of segments $\overline{P_{k}Q_{k}}$, $k = 1, 2, ..., 2450$, that have rational length.

Solution

Problem 10

Find the number of functions $f(x)$ from $\{1, 2, 3, 4, 5\}$ to $\{1, 2, 3, 4, 5\}$ that satisfy $f(f(x)) = f(f(f(x)))$ for all $x$ in $\{1, 2, 3, 4, 5\}$.

Solution

Problem 11

Find the number of permutations of $1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6$ such that for each $k$ with $1$ $\leq$ $k$ $\leq$ $5$, at least one of the first $k$ terms of the permutation is greater than $k$.

Solution

Problem 14

The incircle $\omega$ of triangle $ABC$ is tangent to $\overline{BC}$ at $X$. Let $Y \neq X$ be the other intersection of $\overline{AX}$ with $\omega$. Points $P$ and $Q$ lie on $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{AC}$, respectively, so that $\overline{PQ}$ is tangent to $\omega$ at $Y$. Assume that $AP = 3$, $PB = 4$, $AC = 8$, and $AQ = \dfrac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n$.

Solution

Problem 10

Four lighthouses are located at points $A$, $B$, $C$, and $D$. The lighthouse at $A$ is $5$ kilometers from the lighthouse at $B$, the lighthouse at $B$ is $12$ kilometers from the lighthouse at $C$, and the lighthouse at $A$ is $13$ kilometers from the lighthouse at $C$. To an observer at $A$, the angle determined by the lights at $B$ and $D$ and the angle determined by the lights at $C$ and $D$ are equal. To an observer at $C$, the angle determined by the lights at $A$ and $B$ and the angle determined by the lights at $D$ and $B$ are equal. The number of kilometers from $A$ to $D$ is given by $\frac{p\sqrt{r}}{q}$, where $p$, $q$, and $r$ are relatively prime positive integers, and $r$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $p+q+r$.

Solution

Problem 11

$10$ lines and $10$ circles divide the plane into at most $n$ disjoint regions. Compute $n$.

Problem 15

Find the number of functions $f$ from $\{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\}$ to the integers such that $f(0) = 0$, $f(6) = 12$, and

\[|x - y|  \leq  |f(x) - f(y)|  \leq  3|x - y|\]

for all $x$ and $y$ in $\{0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\}$.

Solution

Problem 14

The sequence $(a_n)$ satisfies $a_0=0$ and $a_{n + 1} = \frac{8}{5}a_n + \frac{6}{5}\sqrt{4^n - a_n^2}$ for $n \geq 0$. Find the greatest integer less than or equal to $a_{10}$.

Solution

Problem 15

Let $\overline{MN}$ be a diameter of a circle with diameter $1$. Let $A$ and $B$ be points on one of the semicircular arcs determined by $\overline{MN}$ such that $A$ is the midpoint of the semicircle and $MB=\dfrac 35$. Point $C$ lies on the other semicircular arc. Let $d$ be the length of the line segment whose endpoints are the intersections of diameter $\overline{MN}$ with the chords $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BC}$. The largest possible value of $d$ can be written in the form $r-s\sqrt t$, where $r$, $s$, and $t$ are positive integers and $t$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $r+s+t$.

Solution

Problem 14

Let $x$ and $y$ be real numbers satisfying $x^4y^5+y^4x^5=810$ and $x^3y^6+y^3x^6=945$. Evaluate $2x^3+(xy)^3+2y^3$.

Solution

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