1994 AHSME Problems/Problem 2

Problem

A large rectangle is partitioned into four rectangles by two segments parallel to its sides. The areas of three of the resulting rectangles are shown. What is the area of the fourth rectangle? [asy] draw((0,0)--(10,0)--(10,7)--(0,7)--cycle); draw((0,5)--(10,5)); draw((3,0)--(3,7)); label("6", (1.5,6)); label("?", (1.5,2.5)); label("14", (6.5,6)); label("35", (6.5,2.5)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 10 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 15 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 20 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 21 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25$

Solution

[asy] pair A=(0,0),B=(10,0),C=(10,7),D=(0,7),EE=(0,5),F=(10,5),G=(3,0),H=(3,7); path BG=shift(0,-0.5)*(B--G); path BF=shift(0.5,0)*(B--F); path FC=shift(0.5,0)*(F--C); path DH=shift(0,0.5)*(D--H); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); draw(EE--F); draw(G--H); draw(BG,L=Label("$7$",position=MidPoint,align=(0,-1)),arrow=Arrows(),bar=Bars,red); draw(BF,L=Label("$5$",position=MidPoint,align=(1,0)),arrow=Arrows(),bar=Bars,red); draw(FC,L=Label("$2$",position=MidPoint,align=(1,0)),arrow=Arrows(),bar=Bars,red); draw(DH,L=Label("$3$",position=MidPoint,align=(0,1)),arrow=Arrows(),bar=Bars,red); label("$6$", (1.5,6)); label("$15$", (1.5,2.5),blue); label("$14$", (6.5,6)); label("$35$", (6.5,2.5)); [/asy]

We can easily see the dimensions of each small rectangle. So the area of the last rectangle is $3\times 5=\boxed{\textbf{(B) }15}$.

--Solution by TheMaskedMagician

See Also

1994 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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