2002 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 20

The following problem is from both the 2002 AMC 12B #20 and 2002 AMC 10B #22, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

Let $\triangle XOY$ be a right-angled triangle with $m\angle XOY = 90^{\circ}$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of legs $OX$ and $OY$, respectively. Given that $XN = 19$ and $YM = 22$, find $XY$.

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 24 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 26 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 28 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 30 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 32$

Solution

2002 12B AMC-20.png

Let $OM = x$, $ON = y$. By the Pythagorean Theorem on $\triangle XON, MOY$ respectively, \begin{align*} (2x)^2 + y^2 &= 19^2\\ x^2 + (2y)^2 &= 22^2\end{align*}

Summing these gives $5x^2 + 5y^2 = 845 \Longrightarrow x^2 + y^2 = 169$.

By the Pythagorean Theorem again, we have

\[(2x)^2 + (2y)^2 = XY^2 \Longrightarrow XY = \sqrt{4(x^2 + y^2)} = \sqrt{4(169)} = \sqrt{676} = \boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 26}\]

Alternatively, we could note that since we found $x^2 + y^2 = 169$, segment $MN=13$. Right triangles $\triangle MON$ and $\triangle XOY$ are similar by Leg-Leg with a ratio of $\frac{1}{2}$, so $XY=2(MN)=\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 26}$

See also

2002 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 21
Followed by
Problem 23
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2002 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 19
Followed by
Problem 21
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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