2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 15

Problem

Rectangle $ABCD$ has $AB=3$ and $BC=4$. Point $E$ is the foot of the perpendicular from $B$ to diagonal $\overline{AC}$. What is the area of $\triangle AED$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{42}{25}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{28}{15}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{54}{25}$

Solution

[asy] pair A,B,C,D,E; A=(0,4); B=(3,4); C=(3,0); D=(0,0); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); label("$A$",A,N); label("$B$",B,N); label("$C$",C,S); label("$D$",D,S); E=foot(B,A,C); draw(E--B); draw(A--C); draw(rightanglemark(B,E,C)); label("$E$",E,N); draw(D--E); label("$3$",A--B,N); label("$4$",B--C,E); [/asy]

First, note that $AC=5$ because $ABC$ is a right triangle. In addition, we have $AB\cdot BC=2[ABC]=AC\cdot BE$, so $BE=\frac{12}{5}$. Using similar triangles within $ABC$, we get that $AE=\frac{9}{5}$ and $CE=\frac{16}{5}$.

Let $F$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $E$ to $AB$. Since $EF$ and $BC$ are parallel, $\Delta AFE$ is similar to $\Delta ABC$. Therefore, we have $\frac{AF}{AB}=\frac{AE}{AC}=\frac{9}{25}$. Since $AB=3$, $AF=\frac{27}{25}$. Note that $AF$ is an altitude of $\Delta AED$ from $AD$, which has length $4$. Therefore, the area of $\Delta AED$ is $\frac{1}{2}\cdot\frac{27}{25}\cdot4=\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\frac{54}{25}}.$

Solution 2

Alternatively, we can use coordinates. Denote $D$ as the origin. We find the equation for $AC$ as $y=-\frac{4}{3}x+4$, and $BE$ as $y=\frac{3}{4}x+\frac{7}{4}$. Solving for $x$ yields $\frac{27}{25}$. Our final answer then becomes $\frac{1}{2}\cdot\frac{27}{25}\cdot4=\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\frac{54}{25}}.$

Solution 3

We note that the area of $ABE$ must equal area of $AED$ because they share the base and the height of both is the altitude of congruent triangles. Therefore, we find the area of $ABE$ to be $\frac{1}{2}*\frac{9}{5}*\frac{12}{5}=\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\frac{54}{25}}.$

Solution 4

We know all right triangles are 5-4-3, so the areas are proportional to the square of like sides. Area of $ABE$ is $(\dfrac{3}{5})^2$ of $ABC = \frac{54}{25}$. Using similar logic in Solution 3, Area of $AED$ is the same as $ABE$.

See Also

2017 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 14
Followed by
Problem 16
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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