2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 5

Problem

Camilla had twice as many blueberry jelly beans as cherry jelly beans. After eating 10 pieces of each kind, she now has three times as many blueberry jelly beans as cherry jelly beans. How many blueberry jelly beans did she originally have?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 30\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 40\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 50$

Solution

Solution 1

Denote the number of blueberry and cherry jelly beans as $b$ and $c$ respectively. Then $b = 2c$ and $b-10 = 3(c-10)$. Substituting, we have $2c-10 = 3c-30$, so $c=20$, $b=\boxed{\textbf{(D) } 40}$.

Solution 2

From the problem, we see that 10 less than one of the answer choices must be a multiple of 3 and positive. The only answer choice satisfying this is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } 40}$. We can check that 40 blueberry and 20 cherry jelly beans indeed does work.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/QrCSysVHhPU

~savannahsolver

2017 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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