2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23
Problem 23
Let be the -digit number that is formed by writing the integers from to in order, one after the other. What is the remainder when is divided by ?
Solution 1
We only need to find the remainders of N when divided by 5 and 9 to determine the answer. By inspection, . The remainder when is divided by is , but since , we can also write this as , which has a remainder of 0 mod 9. Solving these modular congruence using CRT(Chinese Remainder Theorem) we get the remainder to be . Therefore, the answer is .
Alternative Ending to Solution 1
Once we find our 2 modular congruences, we can narrow our options down to and because the remainder when is divided by should be a multiple of 9 by our modular congruence that states has a remainder of when divided by . Also, our other modular congruence states that the remainder when divided by should have a remainder of when divided by . Out of options and , only satisfies that the remainder when is divided by .
Solution 2
Realize that for all positive integers .
Apply this on the expanded form of :
See Also
2017 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
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