# 2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 21

## Problem

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB=6$, $AC=8$, $BC=10$, and $D$ is the midpoint of $\overline{BC}$. What is the sum of the radii of the circles inscribed in $\triangle ADB$ and $\triangle ADC$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \sqrt{5}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{11}{4}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2\sqrt{2}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{17}{6}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 3$

## Solution 1

We note that by the converse of the Pythagorean Theorem, $\triangle ABC$ is a right triangle with a right angle at $A$. Therefore, $AD = BD = CD = 5$, and $[ADB] = [ADC] = 12$. Since $A = rs,$ we have $r = \frac As$, so the inradius of $\triangle ADB$ is $\frac{12}{(5+5+6)/2} = \frac 32$, and the inradius of $\triangle ADC$ is $\frac{12}{(5+5+8)/2} = \frac 43$. Adding the two together, we have $\boxed{\textbf{(D) } \frac{17}6}$.

## Solution 2

We have $[asy] draw((0,0)--(8,0)); draw((0,0)--(0,6)); draw((8,0)--(0,6)); draw((0,0)--(4,3)); label("A",(0,0),W); label("B",(0,6),N); label("C",(8,0),E); label("D",(4,3),NE); label("H",(2.3,4.2),NE); label("K",(2.3,1.8),S); draw(circle((1.54,3),1.49)); draw(circle((4,1.35),1.33)); dot((4,1.35)); dot((1.54,3)); label("F",(1.54,3),S); label("J",(4,1.35),SW); label("G",(0,3),W); label("x",(1,3),S); label("y",(4,1),E); draw((1.54,3)--(0,3)); draw((1.54,3)--(2.3,1.8)); draw((1.54,3)--(2.3,4.2)); draw((4,1.35)--(4,0)); draw((4,1.35)--(3.12,2.4)); draw((4,1.35)--(4.8,2.3)); label("L",(4.9,2.4),NE); label("E",(3.11,2.3),S); label("I",(4,0),S); [/asy]$ Let $x$ be the radius of circle $F$, and let $y$ be the radius of circle $J$. We want to find $x+y$.

We form 6 kites: $GAKF$, $HFKD$, $GFHB$, $EJIA$, $LJIC$, and $JEDL$. Since $G$ and $I$ are the midpoints of $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{AC}$, respectively, this means that $BG = AG = \frac{6}{2} = 3$, and $AI = IC = \frac{8}{2} = 4$.

Since $AGFK$ is a kite, $GF = FK = x$, and $AG = AK = 3$. The same applies to all kites in the diagram.

Now, we see that $AK = 3$, and $KD = 2$, thus $AD$ is $5$, making $\triangle ADC$ and $\triangle ABD$ isosceles. So, $DI=3$ using the Pythagorean Theorem, and $GD=4$ also using the Theorem. Hence, we know that $[ADC] = [ABD] = 12$.

Notice that the area of the kite (if the $2$ opposite angles are right) is $\frac{s_1 \cdot s_2}{2} \cdot 2$, where $s_1$ and $s_2$ denoting each of the 2 congruent sides. This just simplifies to $s_1 \cdot s_2$. Hence, we have

$$4b+4b+b = 12$$

and

$$3a+3a+2a = 12$$

Solving for $a$ and $b$, we find that $a = \frac{3}{2}$ and $b = \frac{4}{3}$, so $a+b = \frac{3}{2} + \frac {4}{3} = \boxed{\textbf{(D)} ~\frac{17}6}$.

~MrThinker

## Solution 3 (Stewart's)

Applying Stewart’s theorem gives us the length of $\overline{AD}.$ Using that length, we can find the areas of triangles $\triangle ABD$ and $\triangle ACD$ by using Heron’s formula. We can use that area to find the inradius of the circles by the inradius formula $A=sr.$ Therefore, we get $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }\frac{17}{6}}.$ Although this solution works perfectly fine, it takes time and has room for error so apply Stewart’s and Heron’s with caution.