# 2018 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 10

## Problem

Suppose that real number $x$ satisfies $$\sqrt{49-x^2}-\sqrt{25-x^2}=3$$What is the value of $\sqrt{49-x^2}+\sqrt{25-x^2}$?

$\textbf{(A) }8\qquad \textbf{(B) }\sqrt{33}+8\qquad \textbf{(C) }9\qquad \textbf{(D) }2\sqrt{10}+4\qquad \textbf{(E) }12\qquad$

## Solution 1

We let $a=\sqrt{49-x^2}+\sqrt{25-x^2}$; in other words, we want to find $a$. We know that $a\cdot3=\left(\sqrt{49-x^2}+\sqrt{25-x^2}\right)\cdot\left(\sqrt{49-x^2}-\sqrt{25-x^2}\right)=\left(\sqrt{49-x^2}\right)^2-\left(\sqrt{25-x^2}\right)^2=\left(49-x^2\right)-\left(25-x^2\right)=24.$ Thus, $a=\boxed{8}$.

~Technodoggo

## Solution 2

Let $a = \sqrt{49-x^2}$, and $b = \sqrt{25-x^2}$. Solving for the constants in terms of x, a , and b, we get $a^2 + x^2 = 49$, and $b^2 + x^2 = 25$. Subtracting the second equation from the first gives us $a^2 - b^2 = 24$. Difference of squares gives us $(a+b)(a-b) = 24$. Since we want to find $a+b = \sqrt{49-x^2}+\sqrt{25-x^2}$, and we know $a-b = 3$, we get $3(a+b) = 24$, so $a+b = \boxed{\textbf{(A) }8}$

~idk12345678

## Solution 3

We can substitute $25 - x^2$ for $a$, thus turning the equation into $\sqrt{a+24} - \sqrt{a} = 3$. Moving the $\sqrt{a}$ to the other side and squaring gives us $a + 24 = 9 + 6\sqrt{a} + a$, solving for $a$ gives us 25/4. We substitute this value into the expression they asked us to evaluate giving 8.

~ SAMANTAP

## Video Solution (HOW TO THINK CREATIVELY!)

~Education, the Study of Everything

## Video Solutions

~ pi_is_3.14

### Video Solution 2

https://youtu.be/zQG70XKAdeA ~ North America Math Contest Go Go Go

~savannahsolver