2021 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 8

Problem

A sequence of numbers is defined by $D_0=0,D_1=0,D_2=1$ and $D_n=D_{n-1}+D_{n-3}$ for $n\ge 3$. What are the parities (evenness or oddness) of the triple of numbers $(D_{2021},D_{2022},D_{2023})$, where $E$ denotes even and $O$ denotes odd?

$\textbf{(A) }(O,E,O) \qquad \textbf{(B) }(E,E,O) \qquad \textbf{(C) }(E,O,E) \qquad \textbf{(D) }(O,O,E) \qquad \textbf{(E) }(O,O,O)$

Solution

We construct the following table: \[\begin{array}{c||c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c}    &&&&&&&&&&& \\ [-2.5ex] \textbf{Term} &\boldsymbol{D_0}&\boldsymbol{D_1}&\boldsymbol{D_2}&\boldsymbol{D_3}&\boldsymbol{D_4}&\boldsymbol{D_5}&\boldsymbol{D_6}&\boldsymbol{D_7}&\boldsymbol{D_8}&\boldsymbol{D_9}&\boldsymbol{\cdots} \\  \hline \hline &&&&&&&&&&& \\ [-2.25ex] \textbf{Value} & 0&0&1&1&1&2&3&4&6&9&\cdots \\ \hline   &&&&&&&&&&& \\ [-2.25ex] \textbf{Parity} & E&E&O&O&O&E&O&E&E&O&\cdots \end{array}\] Note that $(D_7,D_8,D_9)$ and $(D_0,D_1,D_2)$ have the same parities, so the parity is periodic with period $7.$ Since the remainders of $(2021\div7,2022\div7,2023\div7)$ are $(5,6,7),$ we conclude that $(D_{2021},D_{2022},D_{2023})$ and $(D_5,D_6,D_7)$ have the same parities, namely $\boxed{\textbf{(C) }(E,O,E)}.$

~JHawk0224 ~MRENTHUSIASM

Video Solution by Aaron He (Finding Cycles)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xTGDKBthWsw&t=7m43s

Video Solution by Hawk Math

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P5al76DxyHY

Video Solution by OmegaLearn (Using Parity and Pattern Finding)

https://youtu.be/TSBjbhN_QKY

~ pi_is_3.14

Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/cckGBU2x1zg?t=227

~IceMatrix

See also

2021 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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