# 2021 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 12

The following problem is from both the 2021 AMC 12A #12 and 2021 AMC 10A #14, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

All the roots of the polynomial $z^6-10z^5+Az^4+Bz^3+Cz^2+Dz+16$ are positive integers, possibly repeated. What is the value of $B$? $\textbf{(A) }-88 \qquad \textbf{(B) }-80 \qquad \textbf{(C) }-64 \qquad \textbf{(D) }-41\qquad \textbf{(E) }-40$

## Solution 1:

By Vieta's formulas, the sum of the 6 roots is 10 and the product of the 6 roots is 16. By inspection, we see the roots are 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, and 2, so the function is $(z-1)^2(z-2)^4=(z^2-2z+1)(z^4-8z^3+24z^2-32z+16)$. Therefore, $B = -32 - 48 - 8 = \boxed{\textbf{(A)} -88}$. ~JHawk0224

## Solution 2:

Using the same method as Solution 1, we find that the roots are $2, 2, 2, 2, 1,$ and $1$. Note that $B$ is the negation of the 3rd symmetric sum of the roots. Using casework on the number of 1's in each of the $\binom {6}{3} = 20$ products $r_a \cdot r_b \cdot r_c,$ we obtain $$B= - \left(\binom {4}{3} \binom {2}{0} \cdot 2^{3} + \binom {4}{2} \binom{2}{1} \cdot 2^{2} \cdot 1 + \binom {4}{1} \binom {2}{2} \cdot 2 \right) = -\left(32+48+8 \right) = \boxed{\textbf{(A)} -88}.$$ ~ ike.chen

~ pi_is_3.14

## Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath

https://youtu.be/t-EEP2V4nAE?t=1080 (for AMC 10A)

https://youtu.be/ySWSHyY9TwI?t=271 (for AMC 12A)

~IceMatrix

## See also

 2021 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 13 Followed byProblem 15 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
 2021 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 11 Followed byProblem 13 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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