Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 7"
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<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 2.0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2.2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2.8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3.4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4.4</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 2.0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2.2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2.8\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3.4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4.4</math> | ||
− | ==Solution== | + | ==Solution 1== |
Let's call the distance that Samia had to travel in total as <math>2x</math>, so that we can avoid fractions. We know that the length of the bike ride and how far she walked are equal, so they are both <math>\frac{2x}{2}</math>, or <math>x</math>. | Let's call the distance that Samia had to travel in total as <math>2x</math>, so that we can avoid fractions. We know that the length of the bike ride and how far she walked are equal, so they are both <math>\frac{2x}{2}</math>, or <math>x</math>. | ||
<cmath></cmath> | <cmath></cmath> | ||
Line 17: | Line 17: | ||
<cmath>x = \frac{17}{6}</cmath> | <cmath>x = \frac{17}{6}</cmath> | ||
<cmath></cmath> | <cmath></cmath> | ||
− | Since <math>x</math> is the distance of how far Samia traveled by both walking and biking, and we want to know how far Samia walked to the nearest tenth, we have that Samia walked about <math>\boxed{\bold{(C) 2.8}}</math>. | + | Since <math>x</math> is the distance of how far Samia traveled by both walking and biking, and we want to know how far Samia walked to the nearest tenth, we have that Samia walked about <math>\boxed{\bold{(C)} 2.8}</math>. |
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution 2 (Approximations)== | ||
+ | |||
+ | Notice that Samia walks <math>\frac {17}{5}</math> times slower than she bikes, and that she walks and bikes the same distance. Thus, the fraction of the total time that Samia will be walking is | ||
+ | <cmath>\frac{\frac{17}{5}}{\frac{17}{5}+\frac{5}{5}} = \frac{17}{22}</cmath> | ||
+ | Then, multiply this by the time | ||
+ | <cmath>\frac{17}{22} \cdot 44 \text{minutes} = 34 \text{minutes} </cmath> | ||
+ | 34 minutes is a little greater than <math>\frac {1}{2}</math> of an hour so Samia traveled | ||
+ | <cmath>\sim \frac {1}{2} \cdot 5 = 2.5 \text{kilometers}</cmath> The answer choice a little greater than 2.5 is <math>\boxed{\bold{(C)} 2.8}</math>. (Note that we could've multiplied <math>\frac {34}{60}=\frac {17}{30}</math> by <math>5</math> and gotten the exact answer as well) | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Solution 3 (Harmonic Mean)== | ||
+ | |||
+ | Since the distance between biking and walking is equal, we can the given rates' harmonic mean to find the average speed. | ||
+ | |||
+ | <cmath>\frac{2ab}{a+b}\implies\frac{2 \cdot 17 \cdot 5}{17+5}=\frac{85}{11}\text{kph}</cmath> | ||
+ | |||
+ | Then, multiplying by <math>\frac{11}{15}</math> hours gives the overall distance <math>\frac{17}{3}</math> kilometers. Samia only walks half of that, so <math>\frac{17}{6}\approx \boxed{\textbf{(C) }2.8}</math> kilometers. | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~mn28407 | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Video Solution== | ||
+ | https://youtu.be/YPVE2TgCswo | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~savannahsolver | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath== | ||
+ | https://youtu.be/XRfOULUmWbY?t=124 | ||
+ | |||
+ | ~IceMatrix | ||
+ | |||
+ | ==See Also== | ||
+ | |||
{{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=6|num-a=8}} | {{AMC10 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=6|num-a=8}} | ||
+ | {{AMC12 box|year=2017|ab=B|num-b=3|num-a=5}} | ||
{{MAA Notice}} | {{MAA Notice}} | ||
+ | |||
+ | [[Category:Introductory Algebra Problems]] |
Latest revision as of 17:49, 17 January 2021
Contents
Problem
Samia set off on her bicycle to visit her friend, traveling at an average speed of kilometers per hour. When she had gone half the distance to her friend's house, a tire went flat, and she walked the rest of the way at kilometers per hour. In all it took her minutes to reach her friend's house. In kilometers rounded to the nearest tenth, how far did Samia walk?
Solution 1
Let's call the distance that Samia had to travel in total as , so that we can avoid fractions. We know that the length of the bike ride and how far she walked are equal, so they are both , or . She bikes at a rate of kph, so she travels the distance she bikes in hours. She walks at a rate of kph, so she travels the distance she walks in hours. The total time is . This is equal to of an hour. Solving for , we have: Since is the distance of how far Samia traveled by both walking and biking, and we want to know how far Samia walked to the nearest tenth, we have that Samia walked about .
Solution 2 (Approximations)
Notice that Samia walks times slower than she bikes, and that she walks and bikes the same distance. Thus, the fraction of the total time that Samia will be walking is Then, multiply this by the time 34 minutes is a little greater than of an hour so Samia traveled The answer choice a little greater than 2.5 is . (Note that we could've multiplied by and gotten the exact answer as well)
Solution 3 (Harmonic Mean)
Since the distance between biking and walking is equal, we can the given rates' harmonic mean to find the average speed.
Then, multiplying by hours gives the overall distance kilometers. Samia only walks half of that, so kilometers.
~mn28407
Video Solution
~savannahsolver
Video Solution by TheBeautyofMath
https://youtu.be/XRfOULUmWbY?t=124
~IceMatrix
See Also
2017 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 6 |
Followed by Problem 8 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
2017 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
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