Difference between revisions of "2017 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 15"
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==Problem 15== | ==Problem 15== | ||
− | Let <math>ABC</math> be an equilateral triangle. Extend side <math>\overline{AB}</math> beyond <math>B</math> to a point <math>B'</math> so that <math>BB'= | + | Let <math>ABC</math> be an equilateral triangle. Extend side <math>\overline{AB}</math> beyond <math>B</math> to a point <math>B'</math> so that <math>BB'=3 \cdot AB</math>. Similarly, extend side <math>\overline{BC}</math> beyond <math>C</math> to a point <math>C'</math> so that <math>CC'=3 \cdot BC</math>, and extend side <math>\overline{CA}</math> beyond <math>A</math> to a point <math>A'</math> so that <math>AA'=3 \cdot CA</math>. What is the ratio of the area of <math>\triangle A'B'C'</math> to the area of <math>\triangle ABC</math>? |
<math>\textbf{(A)}\ 9:1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 16:1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 25:1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 36:1\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 37:1</math> | <math>\textbf{(A)}\ 9:1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 16:1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 25:1\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 36:1\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 37:1</math> |
Revision as of 17:19, 11 July 2020
Contents
Problem 15
Let be an equilateral triangle. Extend side beyond to a point so that . Similarly, extend side beyond to a point so that , and extend side beyond to a point so that . What is the ratio of the area of to the area of ?
Solution 1: Law of Cosines
Solution by HydroQuantum
Let .
Recall The Law of Cosines. Letting , Since both and are both equilateral triangles, they must be similar due to similarity. This means that .
Therefore, our answer is .
Solution 2: Inspection(easiest solution)
Note that the height and base of are respectively 4 times and 3 times that of . Therefore the area of is 12 times that of .
By symmetry, . Adding the areas of these three triangles and for the total area of gives a ratio of , or .
Solution 3: Coordinates
First we note that due to symmetry. WLOG, let and Therefore, . Using the condition that , we get and . It is easy to check that . Since the area ratios of two similar figures is the square of the ratio of their lengths, the ratio is
Solution by mathwiz0803
Solution 4: Computing the Areas
Note that angle is °, as it is supplementary to the equilateral triangle. Then, using area and letting side for ease, we get: as the area of . Then, the area of is , so the ratio is
Solution by Aadileo
See Also
2017 AMC 12B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 14 |
Followed by Problem 16 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
2017 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 18 |
Followed by Problem 20 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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