Difference between revisions of "2018 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 8"

(Solution)
(Solution)
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Let <math>x</math> be the number of 5-cent stamps that Joe has. Therefore, he must have <math>(x+3)</math> 10-cent stamps and <math>(23-(x+3)-x)</math> 25-cent stamps. Since the total value of his collection is 320 cents, we can write
 
Let <math>x</math> be the number of 5-cent stamps that Joe has. Therefore, he must have <math>(x+3)</math> 10-cent stamps and <math>(23-(x+3)-x)</math> 25-cent stamps. Since the total value of his collection is 320 cents, we can write
  
\begin{align*}
+
<math>\begin{align*}
 
5x+10(x+3)+25(23-(x+3)-x)= 320 \\
 
5x+10(x+3)+25(23-(x+3)-x)= 320 \\
 
&\Rightarrow 5x+10(x+3)+25(20-2x)= 320 \\
 
&\Rightarrow 5x+10(x+3)+25(20-2x)= 320 \\
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&\Rightarrow 35x= 210 \\
 
&\Rightarrow 35x= 210 \\
 
&\Rightarrow x= 6
 
&\Rightarrow x= 6
\end{align*}
+
\end{align*}</math>
  
 
Joe has 6 5-cent stamps, 9 10-cent stamps, and 8 25-cent stamps. Thus, our answer is  
 
Joe has 6 5-cent stamps, 9 10-cent stamps, and 8 25-cent stamps. Thus, our answer is  

Revision as of 17:17, 8 February 2018

Joe has a collection of 23 coins, consisting of 5-cent coins, 10-cent coins, and 25-cent coins. He has 3 more 10-cent coins than 5-cent coins, and the total value of his collection is 320 cents. How many more 25-cent coins does Joe have than 5-cent coins?

$\textbf{(A) }   0   \qquad        \textbf{(B) }   1   \qquad    \textbf{(C) }   2   \qquad   \textbf{(D) }  3  \qquad  \textbf{(E) }   4$

Solution

Let $x$ be the number of 5-cent stamps that Joe has. Therefore, he must have $(x+3)$ 10-cent stamps and $(23-(x+3)-x)$ 25-cent stamps. Since the total value of his collection is 320 cents, we can write

$\begin{align*} 5x+10(x+3)+25(23-(x+3)-x)= 320 \\ &\Rightarrow 5x+10(x+3)+25(20-2x)= 320 \\ &\Rightarrow 5x+10x+30+500-50x= 320 \\ &\Rightarrow 35x= 210 \\ &\Rightarrow x= 6 \end{align*}$ (Error compiling LaTeX. ! Package amsmath Error: \begin{align*} allowed only in paragraph mode.)

Joe has 6 5-cent stamps, 9 10-cent stamps, and 8 25-cent stamps. Thus, our answer is $8-6=\boxed{2}$

~Nivek

See Also

2018 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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