2021 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 16

Revision as of 15:49, 11 February 2021 by Lopkiloinm (talk | contribs) (Solution 2)

Problem

In the following list of numbers, the integer $n$ appears $n$ times in the list for $1 \leq n \leq 200$.\[1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, \cdot, 200, 200, \cdot , 200\]What is the median of the numbers in this list?

Solution

Solution 1

There are $1+2+..+199+200=\frac{(200)(201)}{2}=20100$ numbers in total. Let the median be $k$. We want to find the median $k$ such that \[\frac{k(k+1)}{2}=20100/2,\] or \[k(k+1)=20100.\] Note that $\sqrt{20100} \approx 142$. Plugging this value in as $k$ gives \[\frac{1}{2}(142)(143)=10153.\] $10153-142<10050$, so $142$ is the $152$nd and $153$rd numbers, and hence, our desired answer. $\fbox{(C) 142}.$.

Solution 2

The $x$th number of this sequence is obviously $\frac{-1\pm\sqrt{1+8x}}{2}$ via the quadratic formula. We can see that if we halve $x$ we end up getting $\frac{-1\pm\sqrt{1+4x}}{2}$. This is approximately the number divided by $\sqrt{2}$. $\frac{200}{\sqrt{2}} = 141.4$ and since $142$ looks like the only number close to it, it is answer $\boxed{(C) 142}$ ~Lopkiloinm

Note

See problem 1.

See also

2021 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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