1999 AIME Problems/Problem 4

Problem

The two squares shown share the same center $O_{}$ and have sides of length 1. The length of $\overline{AB}$ is $43/99$ and the area of octagon $ABCDEFGH$ is $m/n,$ where $m_{}$ and $n_{}$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n.$

[asy] //code taken from thread for problem real alpha = 25; pair W=dir(225), X=dir(315), Y=dir(45), Z=dir(135), O=origin; pair w=dir(alpha)*W, x=dir(alpha)*X, y=dir(alpha)*Y, z=dir(alpha)*Z; draw(W--X--Y--Z--cycle^^w--x--y--z--cycle); pair A=intersectionpoint(Y--Z, y--z),  C=intersectionpoint(Y--X, y--x),  E=intersectionpoint(W--X, w--x),  G=intersectionpoint(W--Z, w--z),  B=intersectionpoint(Y--Z, y--x),  D=intersectionpoint(Y--X, w--x),  F=intersectionpoint(W--X, w--z),  H=intersectionpoint(W--Z, y--z); dot(O); label("$O$", O, SE); label("$A$", A, dir(O--A)); label("$B$", B, dir(O--B)); label("$C$", C, dir(O--C)); label("$D$", D, dir(O--D)); label("$E$", E, dir(O--E)); label("$F$", F, dir(O--F)); label("$G$", G, dir(O--G)); label("$H$", H, dir(O--H));[/asy]

Solution

Simple Solution

Triangles $AOB$, $BOC$, $COD$, etc. are congruent by symmetry (you can prove it rigorously by using the power of a point to argue that exactly two chords of length $1$ in the circumcircle of the squares pass through $B$, etc.), and each area is $\frac{\frac{43}{99}\cdot\frac{1}{2}}{2}$. Since the area of a triangle is $bh/2$, the area of all $8$ of them is $\frac{86}{99}$ and the answer is $\boxed{185}$.

Other Solution

Define the two possible distances from one of the labeled points and the corners of the square upon which the point lies as $x$ and $y$. The area of the octagon (by subtraction of areas) is $1 - 4\left(\frac{1}{2}xy\right) = 1 - 2xy$.

By the Pythagorean theorem, \[x^2 + y^2 = \left(\frac{43}{99}\right)^2\]

Also, \begin{align*}x + y + \frac{43}{99} &= 1\\ x^2 + 2xy + y^2 &= \left(\frac{56}{99}\right)^2\end{align*}

Substituting, \begin{align*}\left(\frac{43}{99}\right)^2 + 2xy &= \left(\frac{56}{99}\right)^2 \\ 2xy = \frac{(56 + 43)(56 - 43)}{99^2} &= \frac{13}{99} \end{align*}

Thus, the area of the octagon is $1 - \frac{13}{99} = \frac{86}{99}$, so $m + n = \boxed{185}$.

See also

1999 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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