2010 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 6

The following problem is from both the 2010 AMC 12A #6 and 2010 AMC 10A #9, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

A $\text{palindrome}$, such as 83438, is a number that remains the same when its digits are reversed. The numbers $x$ and $x+32$ are three-digit and four-digit palindromes, respectively. What is the sum of the digits of $x$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 20 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 21 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 22 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 23 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 24$

Solution

Solution 1

$x$ is at most $999$, so $x+32$ is at most $1031$. The minimum value of $x+32$ is $1000$. However, the only palindrome between $1000$ and $1032$ is $1001$, which means that $x+32$ must be $1001$.

It follows that $x$ is $969$, so the sum of the digits is $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 24}$.

Solution 2

For $x+32$ to be a four-digit number, $x$ is in between $968$ and $999$. The palindromes in this range are $969$, $979$, $989$, and $999$, so the sum of digits of $x$ can be $24$, $25$, $26$, or $27$. Only $\boxed{\textbf{(E)}\ 24}$ is an option, and upon checking, $x+32=1001$ is indeed a palindrome.

Video Solution

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7rGLXp_6es ~IceMatrix

See also

2010 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 5
Followed by
Problem 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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