2010 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 9

The following problem is from both the 2010 AMC 12A #9 and 2010 AMC 10A #17, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

A solid cube has side length 3 inches. A 2-inch by 2-inch square hole is cut into the center of each face. The edges of each cut are parallel to the edges of the cube, and each hole goes all the way through the cube. What is the volume, in cubic inches, of the remaining solid?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 8 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 10 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 12 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 15$

Solution

Solution 1

Imagine making the cuts one at a time. The first cut removes a box $2\times 2\times 3$. The second cut removes two boxes, each of dimensions $2\times 2\times 0.5$, and the third cut does the same as the second cut, on the last two faces. Hence the total volume of all cuts is $12 + 4 + 4 = 20$.

Therefore the volume of the rest of the cube is $3^3 - 20 = 27 - 20 = \boxed{7\ \textbf{(A)}}$.

Solution 2

We can use Principle of Inclusion-Exclusion (PIE) to find the final volume of the cube.

There are 3 "cuts" through the cube that go from one end to the other. Each of these "cuts" has $2 \times 2 \times 3=12$ cubic inches. However, we can not just sum their volumes, as the central $2\times 2\times 2$ cube is included in each of these three cuts. To get the correct result, we can take the sum of the volumes of the three cuts, and subtract the volume of the central cube twice.

Hence the total volume of the cuts is $3(2 \times 2 \times 3) - 2(2\times 2\times 2) = 36 - 16 = 20$.

Therefore the volume of the rest of the cube is $3^3 - 20 = 27 - 20 = \boxed{7\ \textbf{(A)}}$.

Solution 3

We can visualize the final figure and see a cubic frame. We can find the volume of the figure by adding up the volumes of the edges and corners.

Each edge can be seen as a $2\times 0.5\times 0.5$ box, and each corner can be seen as a $0.5\times 0.5\times 0.5$ box.

$12\cdot{\frac{1}{2}} + 8\cdot{\frac{1}{8}} = 6+1 = \boxed{7\ \textbf{(A)}}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/rsURe5Xh-j0?t=354

~IceMatrix

See also

2010 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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