# 2006 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 12

The following problem is from both the 2006 AMC 12A #12 and 2006 AMC 10A #14, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

A number of linked rings, each 1 cm thick, are hanging on a peg. The top ring has an outside diameter of 20 cm. The outside diameter of each of the outer rings is 1 cm less than that of the ring above it. The bottom ring has an outside diameter of 3 cm. What is the distance, in cm, from the top of the top ring to the bottom of the bottom ring? $[asy] size(7cm); pathpen = linewidth(0.7); D(CR((0,0),10)); D(CR((0,0),9.5)); D(CR((0,-18.5),9.5)); D(CR((0,-18.5),9)); MP("\vdots",(0,-31),(0,0)); D(CR((0,-39),3)); D(CR((0,-39),2.5)); D(CR((0,-43.5),2.5)); D(CR((0,-43.5),2)); D(CR((0,-47),2)); D(CR((0,-47),1.5)); D(CR((0,-49.5),1.5)); D(CR((0,-49.5),1.0)); D((12,-10)--(12,10)); MP('20',(12,0),E); D((12,-51)--(12,-48)); MP('3',(12,-49.5),E);[/asy]$ $\mathrm{(A) \ } 171\qquad\mathrm{(B) \ } 173\qquad\mathrm{(C) \ } 182\qquad\mathrm{(D) \ } 188\qquad\mathrm{(E) \ } 210\qquad$

## Solutions

### Solution 1

The inside diameters of the rings are the positive integers from 1 to 18. The total distance needed is the sum of these values plus 2 for the top of the first ring and the bottom of the last ring. Using the formula for the sum of an arithmetic series, the answer is $\frac{18 \cdot 19}{2} + 2 = 173 \Rightarrow \mathrm{(B)}$.

### Solution 2

Alternatively, the sum of the consecutive integers from 3 to 20 is $\frac{1}{2}(18)(3+20) = 207$. However, the 17 intersections between the rings must be subtracted, and we also get $207 - 2(17) = 173$.

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