Difference between revisions of "2018 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 12"

(Solution)
m (Solution 2)
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x+3y=3 can be rewritten to x=3-3y. Substituting 3-3y for x in the second equation will give ||3-3y|-y|=1. Splitting this question into casework for the ranges of y will give us the total number of solutions.
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<math>x+3y=3</math> can be rewritten to <math>x=3-3y</math>. Substituting <math>3-3y</math> for <math>x</math> in the second equation will give <math>||3-3y|-y|=1</math>. Splitting this question into casework for the ranges of y will give us the total number of solutions.
  
  
Case 1: y>1
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Case 1: <math>y>1</math>
  
3-3y will be negative so |3-3y| = 3y-3.
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<math>3-3y</math> will be negative so <math>|3-3y| = 3y-3</math>
|3y-3-y| = |2y-3| = 1
 
    Subcase 1: y>3/2
 
2y-3 is positive so 2y-3 = 1 and y = 2 and x = 3-3(2) = -3
 
    Subcase 2: 1<y<3/2
 
2y-3 is negative so |2y-3| = 3-2y = 1. 2y = 2 and so there are no solutions (y can't equal to 1)
 
  
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<math>|3y-3-y| = |2y-3| = 1</math>
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    Subcase 1: <math>y>3/2</math>
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<math>2y-3</math> is positive so <math>2y-3 = 1</math> and <math>y = 2</math> and <math>x = 3-3(2) = -3</math>
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    Subcase 2: <math>1<y<3/2</math>
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<math>2y-3</math> is negative so <math>|2y-3| = 3-2y = 1</math>. <math>2y = 2</math> and so there are no solutions (<math>y</math> can't equal to <math>1</math>)
  
Case 2: y = 1
 
x = 0
 
  
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Case 2: <math>y = 1
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x = 0</math>
  
Case 3: y<1
 
  
3-3y will be positive so |3-3y-y| = |3-4y| = 1
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Case 3: <math>y<1</math>
     Subcase 1: y>4/3
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3-4y will be negative so 4y-3 = 1 --> 4y = 4. There are no solutions (again, y can't equal to 1)
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<math>3-3y</math> will be positive so <math>|3-3y-y| = |3-4y| = 1</math>
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     Subcase 1: <math>y>4/3</math>
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<math>3-4y</math> will be negative so <math>4y-3 = 1</math> --> <math>4y = 4</math>. There are no solutions (again, <math>y</math> can't equal to <math>1</math>)
 
     Subcase 2: y<4/3
 
     Subcase 2: y<4/3
3-4y will be positive so 3-4y = 1 --> 4y = 2. y = 1/2 and x = 3/2
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<math>3-4y</math> will be positive so <math>3-4y = 1</math> --> <math>4y = 2</math>. <math>y = \frac{1}{2}</math> and <math>x = \frac{3}{2}</math>
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Solutions: <math>(-3,2) (0,1) (\frac{3}{2},\frac{1}{2})</math>
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<math>\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 3}</math>
  
 
NOTE: Please fix this up using latex I have no idea how
 
NOTE: Please fix this up using latex I have no idea how

Revision as of 19:14, 8 February 2018

Problem

How many ordered pairs of real numbers $(x,y)$ satisfy the following system of equations? \[x+3y=3\] \[\big||x|-|y|\big|=1\] $\textbf{(A) } 1 \qquad  \textbf{(B) } 2 \qquad  \textbf{(C) } 3 \qquad  \textbf{(D) } 4 \qquad  \textbf{(E) } 8$

Solution

The graph looks something like this: [asy] draw((-3,0)--(3,0), Arrows); draw((0,-3)--(0,3), Arrows); draw((2,3)--(0,1)--(-2,3), blue); draw((-3,2)--(-1,0)--(-3,-2), blue); draw((-2,-3)--(0,-1)--(2,-3), blue); draw((3,-2)--(1,0)--(3,2), blue); draw((-3,2)--(3,0), red); dot((-3,2)); dot((3,0)); dot((0,1)); [/asy]

Now it's clear that there are $\boxed{3}$ intersection points. (pinetree1)

Solution 2

$x+3y=3$ can be rewritten to $x=3-3y$. Substituting $3-3y$ for $x$ in the second equation will give $||3-3y|-y|=1$. Splitting this question into casework for the ranges of y will give us the total number of solutions.


Case 1: $y>1$

$3-3y$ will be negative so $|3-3y| = 3y-3$

$|3y-3-y| = |2y-3| = 1$

   Subcase 1: $y>3/2$

$2y-3$ is positive so $2y-3 = 1$ and $y = 2$ and $x = 3-3(2) = -3$

   Subcase 2: $1<y<3/2$

$2y-3$ is negative so $|2y-3| = 3-2y = 1$. $2y = 2$ and so there are no solutions ($y$ can't equal to $1$)


Case 2: $y = 1  x = 0$


Case 3: $y<1$

$3-3y$ will be positive so $|3-3y-y| = |3-4y| = 1$

   Subcase 1: $y>4/3$

$3-4y$ will be negative so $4y-3 = 1$ --> $4y = 4$. There are no solutions (again, $y$ can't equal to $1$)

   Subcase 2: y<4/3

$3-4y$ will be positive so $3-4y = 1$ --> $4y = 2$. $y = \frac{1}{2}$ and $x = \frac{3}{2}$ Solutions: $(-3,2) (0,1) (\frac{3}{2},\frac{1}{2})$ $\boxed{\textbf{(C)} \ 3}$

NOTE: Please fix this up using latex I have no idea how

Solution by Danny Li JHS

See Also

2018 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 11
Followed by
Problem 13
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2018 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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